Journal of William Wightman Smoak, October 1, 1897 - March 16, 1899


Journal of William Wightman Smoak, October 1, 1897 - March 16, 1899


Journal kept by Cadet William Wightman Smoak from October 1, 1897-March 16, 1899. Smoak recounts the events concerning the Cantey rebellion, the largest cadet rebellion in Citadel history.




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William Wrightman Smoak Collection








Date Valid


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[Illegible words]

Cadet W. W. Smoak,

October 7, 1897.

“Oh, if, when we are forgotten, we could forget”

Seldom for anyone does life flow in an even current unruffled by any stormy winds; but often does the light go down ‘mid the wreck of matter and the thunderings of a storm tossed sea.

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[See original scan for newspaper clipping.]

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[See original scan for list of purchases.]

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[See original scan for list of purchases.]

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[See original scan for list of purchases.]

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[See original scan for list of purchases.]

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[See original scan for list of Merits and Demerits by weeks.]

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List of Reports for 1897 - 98.

Oct. 7. Smiling on drill - Salley demerits 1

Oct. 12. Absent from “old guard” - Robertson 4 [demerits]

Oct. 25 Twenty minutes late returning from leave. - Corp. Quarles ex

Oct. 23 Taking wrong place at the command “four right!” on “guard mounting” - Horrall 1 [demerit]

Oct. 25 Going “fours right” befor [sic] command of execution - Salley. ex

Oct. 26 Going “fours right about” before command - Salley 1 [demerit]

Nov. 3. Not getting proper dress at prayers formation - Ellerbee 1 [demerit]

Nov. 3 Wearing slippers in ranks at reveille. Champlain. 2 [demerits]

Nov. 18 Coming to ease before command at prayers formation. - Champlain 1 [demerit]

Nov. 20 Orderly of room, on guard, not reporting to next orderly, thereby causing him to be absent from lamp squad. - Grencker Ex.

Nov. 24 Sick squad marcher going in hospital and not informing next man thereby causing sick book to not be returned to 1st sgts. room - Salley. Ex.

Nov. 25 Tardy reporting to 1st sgts. room to march sick squad - Salley 1 [demerit]

Nov. 29 Orderly of room responsible for bed clothes being disarranged. Walker, L. 1 [demerit]

Merits for 1 week 12

Jan. 10, Raising hand on drill - Salley. 1 [demerit]

Jan. 10 Shoes not properly arranged at 11:00 - Ashley, “O.D.” 1 [demerit]

Jan. 12 Late at retreat - Ligon Ex.

Jan. 12 Falling in at lamp squad with newspaper in hand - Champlain. 2 [demerits]

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Jan. 15 Not executing “from fours left [illegible] properly - Salley. 1 [demerit]

Jan. 15 Floor under table not properly swept at aft. inspection - Ashley 1 [demerit]

Jan. 18 Not returning sick book to 1st Sgts room - Salley. Ex

Jan. 25 Not hoisting flag on the 24. - Grencker Ex

Jan. 30 Visiting in room A about 10:15 A.M. - Moore-S. 3 [demerits]

Feb. 2nd Corp. Guard going on gallery and remaining 40 min. when [illegible] was unnecessary and unauthorized - McGee 3 [demerits]

Feb. 2 Starting to form his relief at “order” when he had been told better - McGhee Ex

Feb. 9 Not answering to name loud enough to be heard by 1st Sgt. at breakfast formation - Salley 1 [demerit]

Feb. 9 Not keeping proper distance marching in column of fours on drill - Salley Ex.

Feb. 17 Not keeping dressed marching company front on drill - Springs 1 [demerit]

Feb. 17 Smiling on drill - Salley 1 [demerit]

Feb. 21 “Losing place wheeling by fours while double timing” - Salley Ex

March 7. Tardy returning sick book to 1st Sgts room - Salley. Ex

March 11. Not keeping proper distance marching in column of fours on drill - Salley. 1 [demerit]

March 14 Pomade on buckle of accoutrement. Horrall 1 [demerit]

March 16 Cap falling off on drill - Salley 1 [demerit]

March 20 Late at retreat formation - Ligon Ex

March 25 Raising hand on drill - Salley.

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Oct. 1 (Friday)

Diary commencing Oct. 1, 1897.

This being the day for the opening of another term at the Citadel and the beginning of my second year at same, I resolved to keep a short account of what I do and what interests me.

On this day I left home at about five in the morning and arrived safely at Branchville about eight. There I met several of the cadets who were on their way back. They were Ashley, Salley, Price, Sheppard, Rennie, Hydrick, and Courtney.

After a pleasant ride of about two hours, I arrived at Charleston and boarded a trolley car which took me to my destination. This was my first ride on a trolley. A pleasant experience was in store for me - telling the boys “howdy” and shaking hands with them.

Padgett had arrived before me and had selected room “B” for our room. We moved in and commenced house-keeping.

“General leave” was granted from 3 P.M. till “retreat”. “Puget” and I went down street to make some necessary purchases.

Leave was given us from supper till “tattoo” at 9:30 P.M. I went to call upon Miss - and had a very pleasant evening. Returned and heard the usual drum at tattoo.

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Oct. 2. (Saturday)

The same regular duties were gone through with to-day. Guard-mounting, prayers, inspection, and leave were gone through with mechanically.

Went down street after inspection and made some purchases.

In the aft. I went calling and saw two young ladies of my acquaintance, Misses R. -. Retreat called me in again - then supper, tattoo, to bed, and sleep.

Oct. 3. (Sunday)

This being the first Sunday, we had the pleasure of again attending church in the city. Company “A” of course, went to Grace.

After return from church, I enjoyed some fun at the expense of a few rats who had come down too early.

In the aft. I attended a meeting of the Luther League at Wentworth Street Lutheran Church, Going home with Miss -, I returned and the usual calls were heard at the usual time.

Oct. 4. (Monday)

This was the day for the recruits to matriculate and considerable fun was indulged in at their expense. Perry Padgett, our roommate who is a recruit arrived to-day. Nothing more of importance transpired save that we commenced recitations.

Oct. 5. (Tuesday)

Everything to day has commenced to move in the same monot-

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onous way. The “rats” have begun to fall in with the ways of the place and are adapting themselves to their surroundings as best they can.

The “3rd class” was divided to-day and I being second commenced marching the second section. The men of my section are; Law, DuRant, Linley, Hydrick, Haynesworth, Westmoreland, Courtney, Cochrane, Collins, Snelgrove, Cauthen, Sligh, Walker, Smith, and Ott.

In the evening there was dancing in the “Dutch Section room”.

Oct. 6. (Wednesday)

Another new experience was in store for me to-day - being Corp. of the Guard. As this was my first I will put down the names of my relief.. Sinton and Evans. I was relieved by Hydrick. Other officers were Maner, “O. D.”, Tuten, “O. G.”, Tillman Serg. of G. and Linley, Corp. In the aft. I went round the “Green” with Ct. Riley.

Oct. 7. (Thursday)

This being the day after I was on guard, I did not have to go to prayers. The day was a very busy one. I borrowed a book from Quarles and commenced reading it. After supper I danced several times and came up and studied two hours very hard. Then I inspected barracks at “taps” after which I write this for on my diary. It is now nearly eleven o’clock.

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Oct. 8. (Friday

The day dawned clear and slightly warmer than the preceding. Nothing out of the ordinary occurred during the day. In the evening I went down street and purchased some shoes. Afterwards I went calling and did not get back to the Citadel till five minutes of twelve. Clayton was corporal on guard.

After calling I went round to a dancing school taught by Miss [Oetgen].

Oct. 9. (Saturday)

This being Saturday there was an inspection of arms and barracks at 10:30 A.M. Consequently the morning was spent cleaning gun and accoutrements. After inspection I went down to the office of the News and Courier and got some correspondent’s paper.

In the afternoon I called upon the Misses Williams at 182 Spring Street and had a very pleasant call of an hour.

After supper the two societies met in their respective halls. I, of course, attended the Polytechnic, being a member of the same. We had a splendid meeting that lasted till “tattoo.” After inspecting barracks I had a pleasant talk before returning.

Oct. 10. (Sunday)

The morning was warm and threatened rain, but it did not rain.

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Mr. Whilden came up and opened the usual bible class. Quite a crowd of boys were down.

I got a letter from home which I read after coming up from the bible class. We went to church, “A” company went to St. Paul.

After returning from church I wrote an article for The Register. When that was finished Balle and I went to the 2nd Presbyterian Church to S.S. The Y.M.C.A. had a meeting after supper. Col. Coward, Lieut. McDonald, and Mr. Allan was down. Col. Coward and Mr. Allan made short talks which were appreciated.

Oct. 11. (Monday)

To day has been a busy day for me. To begin with I had to count clothes as corporal for the first time. My “lady” was Sarah Drayton.

Afterward I got the paper and saw that the Register had copied an article from the Critic about “Hazing revived”. I went up to see Col. Coward and asked him if I might refute the charges made. He gave me permission accordingly I wrote a 14 page reply to it and sent it up for his criticism. He concluded to send it to the Board of Visitors. After supper a meeting of the Society was held to decide on Reading room.

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Oct. 12 (Tuesday)

I was on guard last night and being last Corporal I was on “third relief” my watch was from ten minutes before four A.M. till six-thirty. During that time I wrote two letters -- one to Miss Lula Campbell and the other to Pete. After breakfast I took round a list to get names of those who wished Dowling to take photos for them. I was so busy at that till I forgot all about “guard mounting”. Consequently I was absent from “old guard” which means four demerits and four restrictions.

Nothing else of interest happened during the day.

Oct. 13 Wednesday

To day has been one of the dullest days I have spent since getting back to the Citadel. Nothing has broken the monotony. The usual ceaseless round of military duties and calls was about all that is to record.

After supper I danced with Hydrich a student of the Medical College.

Oct. 14 (Thursday)

This has been another particularly dull day. Nothing has happened out of the usual.

In the aft. from drill to retreat I went out on the “green” with Balle, Puget, Collins A, and Perey. We got some fruit and had a pleasant chat [illegible] it. I spent the evening reading Ancient Mythology.

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Oct. 15. (Friday)

This morning I received an invitation to a private entertainment but being on guard I could not accept. I was on the 2nd relief, Law was first Corporal, and Hydrick on the third watch. During my watch I wrote a letter to Essie and read some in my mythology. While up at the guard room as the boys were returning from leave they would give the corporals fruit and candies, etc.

Oct. 16. (Thursday) Saturday

Being on guard last night I felt very bad all the morning. I was excused inspection. After Inspection I went down Street and had some photos taken. In the aft. I took Perey to call upon Miss H- and had a very pleasant afternoon. In the evening I had to count clothes and consequently missed most of the Society meeting.

Nothing further of importance transpired during the day.

October 17, (Sunday)

It was raining this morning about the time for church formation so we did not have to go to church.

I got a letter from home this morning and enjoyed its contents very much.

In the aft. just after dinner, I went round the “green” with Moore J. and then we went up to his room and worked Geom. for a couple of hours. Went to S.S. at Bethel in the aft. On guard to night, etc, as usual.

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Oct. 18. (Monday)

Being on guard last night I felt sleepy this morning. I had to count clothes as usual this morning, just after breakfast.

This morning we had drawing for the first time. I made two figures during the time we stayed in the section room.

Had a very hard lesson in Chemistry for tomorrow and consequently I spent the whoe [sic] night to tattoo studying it.

Oct. 19. (Tuesday)

To day has been very unpleasant in point of weather, as it has been raining continuously.

A Court of Inquiry has been in session all day investigating the report of hazing Cadet Way. The boys have been much excited over the result, but will not find out in some days. There was no drill because of the rain. I received a letter from Essie this morning. Still it is raining.

Oct. 20. (Wednesday)

To day has been rather an uneventful day. Owing to the “Court of Inquiry” I missed two recitations this morning.

Received two letters this morning one from Miss L.S. Columbia M.C., the other from Miss L.G. W.N.I.C. Bothe [sic] were much enjoyed.

Drilled this aft. for the regular time. Saw a drunken man at the salley-port after dinner. He succeeded in making me more disgusted, if possible, with whiskey drinkers than ever before. Am on guard to-night 3rd Corp. The others are Clayton and Riley. My relief are Simons and [Foster].

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Oct. 21. (Thursday)

Being on guard last night and third corporal on, my watch was the last. During that time I wrote some letters one to L.S. and one home. Got a letter this morning from L.C. There has been a considerable wrangle by the 1st class about their having to walk past again. Nothing further of interest transpired. After supper I danced Langley, J., Moore, J., Balle, Evans, Derrick, F., and Dr. Hydrick. Spent the remainder of the evening reading and studying.

Friday Oct. 22.

To day has been warm and fair having a very pleasant day in point of weather. The Court of Inquiry convened again this morning preventing us from having French.

I sent a note round to Miss H- to know if she had an engagement for the evening. Having one, I did not call but went with Balle to a dancing school taught by Miss Pickens at the corner of Smith & Beufane streets. I had a very nice time but paid too much for my whistle.

Came in at 11:27 and stayed at the Guard room with Rip till 12:00.

Saturday Oct. 23.

Went on guard this morning and made a Dickens of a mistake and got reported as a consequence.

After inspection went round to see the Misses Williams. Got back for dinner and after dinner was on guard. Counted clothes and then went calling on Miss H.

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Came back and being first on guard, was on duty for an hour and twenty minutes. Afterwards I went to the society and spoke on the negative of the subject

Resolved, “That all men are not created free and equal.” This side won.

Oct. 24. (Sunday)

This morning I did not have to go to church. Consequently I put down my bed and slept till they came from church. In the aft. I went to Luther League meeting and from there home with Miss [Hyams]. Came back and at seven o’clock leave was given us to attend a lecture by Rev. Dr. Bays. I went down and took Miss Ella to hear him. The subject was School Life. Got twenty minutes late returning from leave and I suppose was reported. This will mean either several demerits and restrictions or “under arrest,” march!”

Oct. 25, Monday.

Well, my being late was not attended with such dire results as I predicted but nevertheless I was reported for being twenty minutes late.

Nothing further of importance happened to day. I read some little in the reading room. After supper Miss Grimke opened a dancing school. G. D. Tillman came up after supper to talk over a scheme but Roddey was in the room and we could not discuss it.

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Tuesday Oct. 26.

Was on guard this morning and got through with guard mounting all O.K. The other corporals on are: Clayton and Riley. The privates of my relief are Courtney and Haynesworth.

Nothing worth recording has taken place to-day. Had my measure taken this evening for a fatigue suit. Went up to G.D. Tillmans room and had a talk with him about a scheme we are trying to work.

Oct. 27, Wednesday

Nothing of any importance has transpired to-day. We have had the usual drums and formations, marchings and rollcalls [sic], etc. ad-infinitum, ad nauseum.

Was on guard last night but nothing worthy of mention occurred. Examinations commence tomorrow.

Oct. 28. (Thursday)

Well, another day has passed and we are at another tattoo. Another day of examinations has passed and we are half done. I had two to-day - English this morning and French this aft. I do not know what I made but fear that I did not make near perfect. Went round the green at dinner with Moore J, and this aft we went out and had some fruit together.

Oct. 29, (Friday)

To-day has been rather an uneventful one. I had two examinations Math and Chemistry. I think I did very good well on each of them. In the evening Tillman, G., Collins, R., Perey

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Padgett and I went round to attend a dancing school taught by Miss Pickens. Her uncle having died she did not have any school. From there we went round to the Opera and heard and saw a very good play “All the Comforts of Home.” We only had “standing room” but enjoyed it very well.

This morning I had a letter form Leila and at dinner one from Lula. Both were very well enjoyed.

Oct. 30. (Saturday)

Since this was Saturday we had to prepare for inspection. After inspection, having an engagement to call upon the Misses Brown and [Brodie], I went round and had a very pleasant call.

Came back to dinner and after dinner went down to Dr. Parker’s office for him to make an examination for asthma. After the examination I went down to see about some photos at Dowlings. Then I went to call upon Miss [Hyams]. Then coming in I danced after supper; then went to the Society. It adjourned and I went to the Calliopean. They had a good meeting, and under the head of voluntary contributions I was called for and delivered “The [Polish] Boy” with great effect.

Oct. 31. Sunday

This morning Company “A” went to Trinity to church. Rev. Kilgo preached a very good sermon.

Came back and had dinner then

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Balle, Beaty, Collins A, came round to my room and we had a long chat.

About four o’clock Perey and I went round to Bethel to S.S. There was a good crowd and a pleasant hour was spent.

I introduced Perey to Misses Lizzie and Julia Williams. After supper went down to the Y.M.C.A. then came back and wrote to Essie.

Nov. 1. Monday

Was on guard this morning and also had examination in drawing. Made a [burst] and had a bad feeling all day for being such a blooming idiot. Nothing further happened of interest. Spent some time this aft writing, The weather has been cloudy warm and raining.

[Louie] and Perey are now engaged in throwing (“cracks”) and have just bet a quarter that each was nearest the crack.

Nov. 2. (Tuesday)

To-day has been a day utterly devoid of interest. This morning I received a letter from home and also one from Essie and Lottie. I enjoyed them very much.

After dinner went round the green with Clayton.

Have studied very hard to-night and it is now about tattoo.

Nov. 3, Wednesday

This morning the Board of Visitors met and a salute of 19 guns was fired. At 10:30 A.M. we had review and inspection by the Board of Visitors. Afterward leave was given us till retreat.

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I went down street in the morning and in the aft. Louie, Balle, Perey, Beaty & I went to the matinee. The play was “A Quiet Home.” It did very well and we had considerable fun over some of the characters.

Returned to the Citadel and after the usual after supper dance came up to my room and wrote a letter to Miss Campbell. Did not study a bit.

Nov. 4 Thursday

To day has been uneventful. I have had no experiences worthy of mention.

We had all of our recitations but math. Major Thomas was on leave with his father.

I have been a little sick to-day and went to the Hospital after supper but am feeling better now.

Nov. 5 Friday,

This morning I went to Col. Cowards office and tried to get out of a report or serving the four restrictions. I failed then but later in the day he excused me. The usual recitations for the day with no variations. After supper or about eight-thirty Balle, Beaty, Harrall, Ligon and myself went down to go to the dance. We stopped at the Y.M.C.A. and read awhile. Then we went on to the dance. I did not know many of the girls but met several and had a pleasant time, sort of. Came in about 2:30 A.M.

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Nov. 6 Saturday

The usual inspection to-day etc. After breakfast I inspected every room to find a cap. At the hop last night someone took my new cap and left me their old one. I did not find it.

After inspection I went down to see Miss [Hyams] but she was out. She had left word for me to call in the aft. I could not as I had to go to Miss Williams’. Came back in and slept till dinner.

Perey was to go with me to Miss Williams’ but Jim came to see him about the time we were to go so I had to go alone.

Miss Dibble was there and I walked home with her. Did not get in till too late to go in to supper. The usual counting of clothes and Society meeting was next in order. Spoke in Society on the affirmative of the subject, “Res. That the U.S. should annex Hawaii.” The off. Won.

Nov. 7. (Sunday)

This morning I was on guard.

The detail for A Co. to go to church was St. John’s Lutheran. We went down there and heard a sermon that would not have given the pastor 0.5 if I had graded the paper.

Came back and Moore J. and I walked round the green and had a nice long chat afterward. In the aft. went to W.S.L.L. meeting and home with Miss [Hyams]. Came back and attended Y.M.C.A. in the evening.

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Nov. Oct. 28, Monday

This morning the usual counting of clothes etc. then the usual recitations etc.; then drill etc.; then I wrote a letter etc.; and studied a little etc.; then tattoo and to sleep etc.

Nov. Oct. 29 Tuesday

Nothing has happened again to-day worthy of recording. Major Cummings has gone to the State Fair, consequently we did not have English.

Had a letter from Essie this morning. Enjoyed it very much. Am reading, Taking the Bastile, by Dumas. It is very good.

Never studied a bit to-night, and am on guard to-morrow.

Nov. 10, Wednesday

Was on guard this morning. Got through guard-mounting all right. Then I had two hours till first recitation during which time I studied some and read some. Went through drill all right and do not think I got reported. The Corporals with me were Clayton and Bonham. The men on my relief, Halsey and Evans.

Capt. Coleman O.C. stayed at the guard room till a good while after my relief went off.

Nov. 11 Thursday

Was on guard last night but nothing happened. Had the usual round of lessons to-day but no drill. Balle, Beaty, Collins, Puget and I got our hole through the wall and we now have communication. Perey has gone to Jim’s wedding. Puget and I are holding the fort alone.

Nov. 12, Friday

Was on guard to night. I tried to serve my two restrictions but the commandant would not allow me to as I was on guard.

The other corporals on guard with me

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were Moore J. and Hydrick.

Nothing further of interest happened.

Nov. 18. Saturday

This morning after inspection I went round to call on Miss Lillie Vincent. Had a very pleasant call. Came back to dinner, and at two o’clock commenced to serve my restrictions.

Went to sleep and passed them very quickly. After supper counted my clothes and went down to the Society meeting. We had a very good meeting.

Nov. 14, Sunday

This morning the [non-frats] had a meeting to demand a count of the votes for committeemen [sic] of the dance. I attended and had a very heated discussion. Went to St. Philips Church this morning. In the aft. went to call on Miss [Hyams]. Had a very pleasant call and in the evening took her to a meeting of the Luther League. Had special leave for the occasion. Got in at eleven o’clock after having spent a very pleasan [sic] two hours after service instead of one after meeting as per application.

Nov. 15. Monday

Nothing much has happened to-day in which I am much interested. We had a meeting to-night to decide about the dance. It was decided to not accept a compromise and it is supposed there will be hot times in the morning. The usual drill etc. then tattoo and to bed.

Nov. 16, Tuesday

Was on guard this morning, the first time with “rats.”

The meeting in the Chapel did not

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amount to much this morning and Col. Coward gave us till to-morrow morning to cool off.

Heard from my examination marks this morning. I did not do as well as I thought I had.

Had a letter to-day from Essie and Miss Lottie. Quite a nice letters Essies written in vertical hand.

Nov. 17 Wednesday

Positively nothing worth recording happened to-day. I read all the evening till second relief went on. Then I wrote to Essie. After sentinels went off, Maner, Josey, Mayes, Roddey, Langley C., Balle, Beaty, and Collins A, came in our room and we had cocoa, crackers, etc. Joke telling was the order for quite a while, till after twelve o’clock.

Nov. 18, Thursday

This morning the meeting was held in the chapel to decide about the dance. After a pretty good talk by Col. Coward, we had the vote which resulted in a defeat for our side. The tally was 6 3 4 4 5.

Had a letter from Lulu Campbell this aft.

After supper there was a meeting of the “Seven Devils” of whom I am one. We discussed several things of interest.

Nov. 19, Friday

First thing I did, on getting up, after reveille was to write an article for the Register. Forgot to put in an application for leave but went up and Lieut. McDonald allowed me to put my name on the list. Usual recitations for the day.

After supper Tillman, Foster, Bramlett,

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Perey, and I went to Miss Pickens’ dancing school. We had a fine time till about 11:30 P.M. As I was coming in I met Balle on King Street and he proposed that we take a stroll. Accordingly we went down to Meeting, down Meeting to the Battery, and round there awhile. I never enjoyed a talk or walk with Balle as much as I did this one. He never fully convinced me that he was a man of ability before. His observations on some very deep subjects were astonishing in one so young. We got in at 1:30 A.M. Later Beaty, Mayes, and Maner came in our room. They were just from the Thalia dance and had imbibed freely of fine water.

Nov. 20 Saturday

Was on guard this morning. After inspection I went to call on Miss Dibble. She was engaged with her German Prof. and could not come down.

I then went to see Miss Reynolds and got in a few minutes before dinner. In the aft. I was on guard. When my relief went off I went to call on Miss [Hyams]. Went to the Society and spoke on the Negative of the subject, Resolved, that a General European War would be Beneficial to the U.S. It was divided in favor of the negative.

Nov. 21, Sunday

This morning I applied for permission to attend church individually. Went with Staff to Wentworth Street Lutheran Church. Heard a very nice sermon

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by Dr. Holland.

After dinner Clayton and I walked round the green. He, Snelgrove, and myself went to Bethel to S.S. They had a very good service and I met Miss Edith [Burnham] of whom I had heard a great deal. Went down to the Y.M.C.A. and heard some very good talks by the boys.

Nov. 22. Monday

This morning I had a pretty busy time for an hour or two. Was on guard and had to march Hospital squad and count clothes. Nothing further happened to day. It is nearly time for my relief and I have to go.

Nov. 23 Tuesday

I have spent a busy day, and as a consequence I am ready to sleep. Nothing at all happened of interest. Got a letter from home this morning. Also sent Leila S. [illegible] a picture I had promised her.

Nov. 24, Wednesday

Well - today has been a black letter day for me. I was very sick last night and had to go to the Hospital to day. I stayed in at night and all the boys going out made me feel real bad about however I read a book and I suppose that payed me better.

Nov. 25: Thursday

To-day was Thanksgiving and I came out of the Hospital in order to attend church and also for the purpose of dining out. A company went to Grace Church and heard a long and uninteresting service. Returned and went to dine with Miss [Hyams]. Spent a very pleasant afternoon till taps after which I returned and studied.

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Nov. 26 Friday

Resumed studies to-day after having two days with nothing in that line. Nothing of interest happened to-day. Had two restrictions which I served to-night and profitably too I guess as I studied French with Sheppard.

Wrote home and sent them my picture. Perey has gone to Miss Pickens dancing school. Louie stayed in and studied. Am in charge of barracks to-night.

Nov. 27. Saturday.

Usual routine till after inspection of arms and barracks. Then went in to partake of a box Dobson had. Instead of going out calling I remained in during the morning and studied math with Courtney. Went in the aft. to call on Miss Pickens whom I was appointed to take to the Xmas hop. Came back and counted my clothes. Society met and there was an election for debaters and orator for the joint contest. Beaty and Padgett was elected debaters, Crouch J. orator I was run but unfortunately was defeated.

Nov. 28, Sunday.

Had a letter from home this morning. A Company went to Bethel this morning and heard a very good sermon by Dr. Bays. Came from there and studied till about four o’clock; then Louie and I went to S.S. to Bethel. After S.S. I walked home with Miss Welling, a very pleasant girl.

After supper studied till tattoo.

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Nov 29 Monday

To day has been a very busy day for me. We had examination this morning on English in the aft. on French. I do not know what I did on English but on French I made [15]. Am on guard to-night with Westmoreland and Clayton. Rip and I have come up to make some cocoa. I have just taken off my relief.

Darby asked me up to his room to drink some coffee with him. The boys in “C” are studying Dutch.

Nov. 30. Tuesday

Another day of examinations stood to-day math and chemistry. I think I did pretty well in both. Was looking for a box from home but it did not come. Had a letter from Leila to-day. Did not study any to-night but instead wrote to Essie and Miss Lottie. Sent Essie my picture. Nothing further of interest happened.

Dec. 1. Wednesday

This has been another uneventful day for me only I got a big box from home full of the best of edibles. I enjoyed it and I think all the reservation enjoyed it equally. Had an examination in drawing this morning. Drilled in the aft. and danced some after supper.

Dec 2. Thursday

Nothing happened to day worthy of recording. Have been very busy writing an essay for Chaucer.

Dec. 3, Friday

Was on guard this morning. Nothing further happened till after supper when Collins R. brought me a ticket

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to the P.M.A. Hop. I immediately got permission to change reliefs with Bruce and then put in an application to attend hop which was granted. Went round with Foster and Evans. Had a very pleasant time, and met several young ladies. Among them was Miss Alice Heuderson of Walterboro. I liked her much. Enjoyed the dance right well. Tillman & I walked back together reaching the Citadel at 1:30 A.M.

Dec. 4. Saturday

This morning I felt pretty badly from the effects of losing so much sleep. Was excused inspection. After inspection Louie and I went round to see the Misses Williams. Came back in just in time for dinner. Slept awhile afterward then Clayton and I walked down street. Counted clothes and went to Society meeting afterwards. Spoke on the negative of the subject, Resolved, That wealth is more deserved by men than fame. The negative won.

Dec. 5. (Sunday)

This morning A Company went to 1st Baptist Church. There we heard a good sermon by Rev. Dr. Cuthbert. In the aft I went to the Wentworth Street Lutheran Church. Home with Miss [Hyams] and had a pleasant call, till study call

Dec, 6. (Monday)

Monday morning dawned cold and clear and we had the usual recitations. We took in a rat this

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morning, Mann, from Holly Hill, Berkely [sic] County. He seems to be a very quiet boy and I think we will get on all right.

Nothing further has happened to day.

Dec. 7, Tuesday.

I had a letter from home and one from Essie. They were both enjoyed very much.

I have not studied any tonight again, but have spent the time reading the Pres. message.

Dec. 8. Wednesday

To day has been rather an uneventful one. Nothing at all has happened. Therefore have nothing to write.

Dec. 9, Thursday

To day has been rather another uneventful day. Only only one thing has happened out of the usual. Foster and Royall fought just after supper or during and after supper. Royall was the victor but in such a victory is glory and in such a defeat is no disgrace.

I am on guard to night and it is about time for me to go on. So here ends it.

Friday Dec 10,

Nothing much happened that is worth recording. The usual recitations with the usual success in reciting. Perey took me round to a dancing school at Miss Pickens. I enjoyed it right well. Came in with Springs and Dobson.

Dec. 11, Saturday.

The usual inspection of rooms and barracks took place this morning. After inspection I went round to call upon Miss Brodie and Brown. I got back to dinner and after dinner or about four o’clock I went round to see Miss Reynolds

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I had not been there long when Bramlett came in and I presumed he had an engagement so I left. After supper I had leave to bring a young lady to hear Col. Armstrongs lecture. I went down and fetched Miss Hyams. The lecture was good one and and [sic] much enjoyed. I had an hour and a half after the lecture, in which time I enjoyed myself immensely.

Dec. 12, Sunday.

“A” Company went to the Huguenot Church this morning. Dr. Vedder preached a very elegant sermon as usual. After breakfast the third class met to try “Jake” Rogers for bringing a girl up to hear Col. Armstrongs lecture. Upon motion of Cadet EsDorn it was decided to “abolish Jake”.

In the aft. I went with Clayton to the Lutheran League meeting, and from there [illegible] with Miss Hyams. I had study call leave and took tea with them.

Went to the Y.M.C.A. but did not stay long as I had some letters to write.

Dec. 13, Monday

To day nothing happened of any importance save in the aft. cousins John, Mallie, Leila and Miss Florence Jeffords came to the Citadel to see Puget and myself. I enjoyed their visit though it was short.

Dec. 14 Tuesday

To day has been a bad day for the fair sex to enjoy Gala week. It has rained nearly all day

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till just time for us to go on drill; then it cleared up and was as fair as a lily.

Balle had a box from home and I made dinner of it. “Rip” also got and and invited me up just after prayers.

In the aft. [Leck] and [Illegible] lyons were on the green but left before we finished.

Balle introduced me to his sister this aft. I like her very much. She has a very intelligent face and resembles Balle very much.

Dec. 15 Wednesday

This morning I applied to visit cousins who are in city i.e. Cousin John, Mollie, and Leila. My application was granted so I went down to the National House to see them. They were out and I went from there to King st. to see if I could find them. There I met Mr. Jordan and he took me in is buggy to [illegible] them up. We went back to the hotel and found them in. I went came back to the Citadel about one o’clock. Nothing further out of the usual happened.

Dec. 16, Thursday

A great many of the boys got out to day to visit or be with relatives in city. I applied to be with Uncle Ben, Kate, and Mattie from retreat till one hour after fantastic parade. Mr. Balle and Miss Balle came up about that time and I went home with Miss B. Balle, Puget, and I went

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with Miss Balle, Kate, and Mattie to see the parade. We stopped at the Y.M.C.A. building on King St. till it passed. Going back to their boarding house we stayed there till near twelve o’clock. Then came in. Nance was officer of the Guard and put us down more than an hour before we came in.

Dec. 17. Friday.

This has been rather an enjoyable day. Kate, Mattie, and Uncle Ben came down to see us to day. Louie was out with them all day till they left on the aft. train.

John [Black] of Walterboro came round to see me this aft. They all remained to see us drill but left before it was over. After retreat I went round with Collins R., Dial, Riley to see the show battle on the Colonial lake. We had a soda-water at [Hahus] then went down on the car. After we got there Riley and I went over to Mr. Browns on the corner of Rutledge Ave. and Beaufain st. They had asked me to come round there to see the fireworks from their house. I met several of their friends who had gone there with an intention all similar to mine to see the fireworks. I enjoyed it right well. The display was not much. Afterward we all went to King St. Returned and had some fruit. Then we came back to the Citadel and saw the Phi Betas on a Royal [razor].

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Dec. 18, Saturday

This morning at inspection the rats were put in the Companies. Each company then had its picture taken. We were excused inspection of arms and barracks.

After leave time Collins R. and I went round to call on Miss Birdie Bird.

We remained there about an hour and had a pleasant call.

I was on guard this aft. but had study call leave, and went round to call on the Miss Williams. After a pleasant call I came back and went to the Society meeting. After much wrangling and nothing done Cunningham asked the Society to excuse him as he had to study for an examination. They excused him and Nance then asked the society to excuse him saying he had no excuse as all. After a little more wrangling Collins R. made a motion to excuse all 1st classman [sic] who wished to be excused. All of them then left the hall but three--Derrick F., Berthea, and Langley J. The action of the 1st class was deplored by all. We do not know yet how it will terminate. G. D. Tillman came back from home - having a furlough - tonight. He invited me up to eat some grub he had brought from home. I went up and was filled before leaving.

Dec. 19, Sunday.

Being on guard last night I had the privilege of attending church individually. Hydrick and I went

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to Wentworth St. Lutheran Church. We heard a very good sermon by Rev. Dr. Holland.

After church, dinner, etc. I went round in barracks. When it came time to go to S.S. I went down to the Luther League. Went home with Miss Hyams and took tea with her. Came back in and never studied a “damed” [sic] bit.

Dec. 20 Monday

This has been one of the coldest days that has been so far this year. Counting clothes was a very disagreeable task this morning. Nothing further out of the general routine happened till after supper. Derrick F. pres. of the Polytechnic Society called a meeting to elect speakers for the coming literary contest, to take the place of those who were elected and refused to serve as they had withdrawn from the society. Langley J., Derrick F., and myself were nominated. I was fortunate enough to be elected with Langley J. The debate comes off the 12th of February. The subject chosen is Resolved, that, The U.S. will decay as all other great nations have done. The Calliopeans are Salley and Brown K.

Dec. 21. Tuesday

To day has been an uneventful one save it has rained nearly all day. We did not drill long this aft. To night I have written some letters [illegible] etc.

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Dec. 22 Wednesday

Nothing of interest happened to-day.

Was on guard but nothing happened worthy of recording. The other Corporals on were “Rip” and Sheppard. After sentinels went off we came up and had some tattoo cocoa.

Dec. 23 Thursday

Yesterday we did not have recitations in the morning as the Profs. all went to the funeral of young Dr. Mozyck. This morning, though, we had them all. I was excused though, because I was on guard last night. I am reading all I can on my debate but seem to be getting along slowly.

Dec. 24 Friday

This being Xmas eve we had great anticipations for the “hop.” Nothing of interest occurred during the day save that I was on guard. I went down to the dance after trading reliefs with Quarles and coming on 1st relief. I went up to Courtneys room and helped him eat a box he had gotten from home. About nine o’clock Salley and I went down to the German Artillery Hall. The dance was a splendid success. One figure of the “german” was especially beautiful. The figure was “military” and the [illegible] coming round on one side of the hall and the [illegible] on the other. Their appearance was heavenly. I enjoyed the dance very much getting back to the Citadel about three in the morning. I was on guard and my watch was ready to go on so I never

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slept a wink, as I had to wake several boys who wished to go home.

Dec. 25, Saturday.

Not having slept any I had to sleep a little in the morning and then go to dine with Miss Hyams. I had a pleasant time down there and had a good dinner. Came back and went down to Miss Browns to supper. Had a pleasant time down there and got back at eleven o’clock. They gave me a very pretty Xmas present a pencil holder of sterling silver.

Dec. 26, Sunday

A Company had to go to St. Lukes to church. The church was cold and the preacher seemed that he had a desire to talk all day.

In the aft. Riley and I went round to Miss Browns as I promised to on leaving the evening before. We [were] received and had a very pleasant call. They gave us all we wished to eat and fixed us a package to fetch back with us. Since supper I have studied a little.

Dec. 27 Monday

Nothing worth recording occurred to day. Those who went home have returned, mostly. Clayton came and invited me up “after taps” and I had some good grub.

Dec. 28, Tuesday.

To day has been another uneventful day. Was on guard to-day with Law and Sheppard. Law leaves in a day or two and is the last time he will be on guard.

Had a letter from home this morning blessing me out for my poor marks.

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Dec. 29, Wednesday

The day before examinations commence is always as a calm before a storm. Nothing worth recording happened to-day. I spent the day in hard study.

Dec. 30 Thursday.

To day examinations began. My class had English and french. The english [sic] examination was long and tiresome. The french [sic] easy. I think I made perfect on that. Nothing further.

Dec 31, Friday.

This is the last day of the old year - a busy day it has been too. Math. exam in the morning, chemistry in the afternoon. They were both pretty hard. In the evening Riley and I went round to see Miss Brodie and the Misses Brown. Sheppard was to go with us but he was on guard and could not go. We had a very pleasant call and got back about eleven o’clock.

Jan 1, ‘98 Saturday.

The first day of the new year dawned clear and cold. I asked Balle to make or have a fire made in the library as I could go in there to read on the debate.

I went in early in the morning and read all the morning and a great part of the aft. I found several books which I took out to read. I also wrote a piece to the Hartsville messenger for Cadet Law, who left yesterday, telling that it was of his own free will and choice that he left. Then I went down to see Miss H. She gave me a very pretty little hat mark for a Xmas present. After a pleasant call I returned to

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the Citadel. I was on guard and having received orders from the Sgt. of the guard to not be at all military I strictly proceeded to not be so. I parted my relief and their special orders were to “do as you damed [sic] please and [hunt] the warmest place” so long as you don’t get caught.”

I came up to my room and Bradham, sentinel on no. 2, came in and we cooked some sausage and had a feast.

This is usually the day to make new year resolutions but I have made none. A retrospect shows several important happenings during the year that has just closed. I have done a third of my second scholastic year. My first summer vacation was spent at home and very busily. Some little successes have followed my course, and they are somewhat encouraging. The new year values in a field of activity and achievements. How it will be spent remains to be seen.

Jan 2, Sunday

Being on guard excused me from church and I spent the time reading Tocqueville on Democracy in America. I finished it this evening. Slept a while during the aft. and went down to the Y.M.C.A. but did not stay there as very few were down.

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Jan. 3. Monday

To day I was on guard. Nothing hardly worth recording happened. After Xmas and New Year we have gotten down to hard work again. I am reading all my spare time on the debate. Taking notes etc. Mann was on my relief, the first time he has been on.

Jan. 4, Tuesday This day marks another milestone in my journey of life, an important one at that for it marks the division between boy-hood and citizenship. I am to-day twenty-one years of age. Life takes on new responsibilities--for me it is living now in reality. Nearly three more years before I am through school--then life will be fraught with difficulties--struggles with a heartless world. It owes me a living, though, and I know it will yield it to constant efforts.

We have heard that Gen. Hagood Chairman of the board of Visitors died to-day. There is a rumor that the corps will attend his funeral tomorrow. We will have a trip and a day off and besides do homage to the remains of one who deserves it.

Jan. 5 Wednesday

To day was the time appointed to attend the funeral of Gen. Hagood but owing to its having been put off we did not go. Nothing of interest happened.

Jan. 6, Thursday

This morning we had reveille at 5:15 in order to get off in time to catch the train. An uneventful trip brought us to Barnwell about eleven o’clock. We marched up to the court-house where the remains of Gen. Hagood were lying in state. Each

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company marched by in single file and viewed for the last time the features of the Chairman of the Board of Visitors for the last time. Cadets Cantey, Ellerbe, McGee, Collins R., Bramlett, and Salley were pall-bearers.

To the sad funeral drum we marched to the grave where his remains were to be interred. A squad was detailed to fire a salute of three volleys over the grave. I was of the squad and we fired three good volleys.

We were then marched back to the Citadel hotel where we had a good dinner. Then we were turned loose till four o’clock when the train left.

When we got to Branchville we had about fifteen-minutes. I got off to see Miss Lula Campbell who had come to see me. I enjoyed the short talk very much.

Coming back we had supper and I was on guard.

Jan. 7, Friday

Nothing much happened today.

We had battallion [sic] drill this aft. for the first time.

I did not go out to-night as I am on that debate I remained in and read history.

Puget and Perey are out. Mann and I are in.

Jan. 8, Saturday

This morning we had the usual Saturday inspection. After inspection I went down to the Y.M.C.A. building in order to read the mag-

[Page 47]
azines to find something on the debate. It was useless as I found nothing. In the aft. I went round to see Miss Williams, but she was going out and I had to leave, then I went round on my way back to see Miss Julia Reynolds. She also was out. I then came in and counted my clothes as I could find no one at home.

After supper I went down to the society meeting. We had a very good meeting only the 1st class-men [sic] were absent. I made a speech on the existing conditions of affairs in the society. I was interrupted by applause and received many congratulations after the meeting.

Jan. 9, Sunday

“A” company went to the Citadel Square Baptist church. Dr. Ramsey preached a very good sermon on the dignity of work, and that everyone has a work to perform. In the aft. I went to W.S.L.L.M. intending to go home with the organist but she was not there so I accompanied Miss Reynolds to her paternal residence. Went down to the Y.M.C.A. meeting awhile.

In the aft. I worked pretty hard to effect a reconciliation between the 1st class and the society but failed.

Jan. 10, Monday

This has been another day that nothing has happened. We had drill this aft. - company.

In the evening I wrote some letters instead of studying. One to Law, Lula, and [Ella].

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Jan. 11, Tuesday

This has been another uneventful day. Had a letter from Essie this morning. She is getting on all O.K. Have studied very little to-night nor have I done any thing [sic] else. I am “blue” and cant help it. Also had a letter from home.

Jan. 12, (Wednesday)

Was on guard to day. Got late at retreat by going up to Darby’s room after drill.

Jan. 13 Thursday.

Nothing at all happened to break the monotony of military. A drunk man came up to the guard room this morning at about four o’clock. He was extremely disgusting. His name was James and he was from Marion County and knew Capt. Coleman. We finally got rid of him.

Jan. 14, Friday

[Note in margin of diary]
P.S. I was vaccinated this aft. for smallpox. Dr. Hydrick vaccinated me.

Nothing has happened today till after retreat when I went out calling. I went down to see Miss Hyams. I spent a very pleasant evening indeed. Going down I went by the church and accompanied Miss Ella home. They are to move next week to 81 Coming St. Miss Marie [Paislaigne] is to be married Monday.

Jan. 15, Saturday.

After inspection I went round to call on Misses Brown and Brodie. In the aft. I went round to see Miss Williams. Came back and went to the society meeting. We had a very good meeting. I was appointed on the intersociety relation committee.

Jan. 16, Sunday.

It was raining this morning and we did not have to go to church. Accordingly I remained

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in and wrote some on an oration. I was invited yesterday to dine with the Misses Williams. I went round and had a nice dinner going later to S.S. at Bethel with Miss Julia. Since supper I have gone down to hear Rev. Law speak to the Y.M.C.A. He did very well. If I was to grade him I would give him [illegible] and report him for not being better prepared.

Jan. 17 Monday.

Nothing at all happened to-day. Had a short talk with Chaucer in which he gave it to our class for not studying.

Jan. 18, Tuesday

To day we thought we would leave to-night and everyone applied. We did not get it though, and had to remain in. My arm is getting pretty sore.

Jan. 19, Wednesday

This morning being Lee’s birthday leave was given us or we were granted a holiday. As soon as leave was granted I went down to have my measure taken for fatigue jacket. After this I [hunted] up the residence of the Misses [Wigfall]. They live down at 66 Bull St. I had not called upon them since they lived here last year. I walked with Miss Irene to Marks and from there to a way up Cannon St.

In the evening the battalion was marched down to the Hibernian Hall to hear a lecture by Gen. E. [N]. Maise of Sumter. It was a splendid oration and I felt much improved by hearing it. Came back and was on guard. Wrote a letter to the Register and another one also to Miss H. Dr. Dempsey Hydrick came in about 1130 and sat with me for over an hour.

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Jan. 20, Thursday.

My arm is very sore to-night from being vaccinated. Went round to the Hospital and got Ex. M.D. to keep from drilling as I could not handle my gun. Have felt rather badly all day.

Jan. 21 Friday

Nothing happened to-day worth recording. The boys are beginning to go in Hospital from the effects of vaccination. I was restricted to-night and could not go out. Served my restrictions and spent the time reading David Copperfield.

Jan 22. Saturday

Was on guard to-day but had a pretty sore arm. No inspection of arms to-day. After inspection of barracks I went down to see a gentleman, Mr. Shatto who wished to have some one to sell a book for him. Capt. Bond recommended Cantey, Morris, Clayton; Foster, and myself. We each made appointments with him to see him at Mrs. Witte’s. I went down at 2:30 but do not think I shall accept his offer.

After inspection Collins R, and I went round to see Miss Birdie Bird. Horrall and Hanna were there so we remained only a few minutes. We went from there to call on the Misses Brown. They were at home but Foster and Farrior were there. Collins had an engagement down street so we only remained a few minutes.

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Served my duty as Corporal of the Guard from 3:30 to 4:30. Had a nice, long letter from Law this aft.

When my relief come off I went round to keep an engagement with Miss Ella H. She was busy sending out announcement cards for Miss Marie who was married last Monday. We went round to Miss White’s to see about a dance Friday next. Came back in at study call and was on guard.

Sunday Jan. 23

Have felt bad to-day and have a Dickens of an arm. Was thrown on guard to-night by so many of the boys being excused. Quarles has just come on so I must go.

Jan. 24 Monday

Nothing worth recording happened to-day. No drill on account of sore arms.

Jan. 25 Tuesday

Same old routine, No new developments for to day. No drill again with about seventy five boys in Hospital.

Jan. 26 Wednesday

We had examination in French to-day. I made about 14.5. A mistake examination was not till Thursday. I forgot to write up this and my memory fails me as to the minute particulars.

Jan 27, Thursday

To day we had French and I made a good mark. Studied pretty had [sic] for exams tomorrow.

Jan. 28 Friday

Had examinations in English and Chem to day. Made a very poor examination in English but did pretty well in Chemistry.

This evening I called on Miss H. went by the church for her. I enjoyed

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this evening very much for the good hard sense she converses with. Came in about eleven o’clock and retired about twelve or later.

Jan. 29. Saturday.

No inspection this morning. After inspection of barracks Collins R. and I called on Miss Lillie Vincent. I enjoyed the call pretty well as I think Miss Lillie is a very nice young girl.

In the aft I took Bramlett round to call on Miss [Hyams]. We remained round there till nearly retreat. She gave us some cocoa and cake which we devoured readily.

Jan. 30, Sunday.

Went to church this morning to the 2nd Presbyterian Church and heard a very fine sermon.

Remained in in the aft. and studied math.

Jan. 31, Monday.

Had examination in Math, and drawing to-day. I made a very good mark in both I believe. Have spent the evening writing to Essie and Lottie.

Feb. 1, Tuesday

Commenced to-day the study of Trigonometry and General History. Nothing else occurred.

Feb. 2, Wednesday

Nothing occurred worth recording. Recited on English and to-day.

Feb. 3, Thursday Sometimes it occurs that time has no other purpose than to hang heavy on one, it seems that the same old routine will drag time so slowly that after a-while it will get ashamed of its sloth and hurry up to slip away.

This is the case to-day.

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Feb. 4, Friday

The usual routine till evening. I then went round to a soiree given by Miss Emily Pickens. I enjoyed it very much getting back to the Citadel about 1:30 A.M. Saturday morning. I met several young ladies whom I like and escorted Miss Bird home. Those dances are a waste of time but such is the condition of society now that one must allow himself to be cheated out of a portion of his time.

Feb 5, Saturday.

This morning we had inspection of arms at the usual time. After inspection I called upon Miss Irene Wigfall. She resembles Sister very much, consequently I enjoyed her chat of an hour.

In the aft. went with Louie and Uncle Ben, who had come down for the day only, to the depot. Counted clothes and went ot the Society as usual. I gave as a voluntary contribution, Bingen on the Rhine.

Feb. 6. Sunday

A company went to Bethel to church this morning. Had a short sermon which was the sole redeeming feature of it.

In the aft. I went to the W.S.L.L. but as Miss H. was there with someone else, Mr. Jordan, I went to call upon Misses Brown and Brodie. Coming back by I saw Miss H. for a few minutes only. Went to the Y.M.C.A. a short while this evening.

Feb. 7, Monday

This begins a new week and I fear another monotonous one as nothing out of the ordinary happened to-day.


Ditto for to-day.


Ditto for to-day. Practiced dec. to-day under Crouch.


Ditto for to-day. Practiced declamation more to-day.

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Feb. 11, Friday

To day I had every recitation with no variation. After drill I went up in the chapel and rehearsed my declamation for the [Demonst] contest which was to be held in the evening. In the evening Salley and I went down to the Parish Hall of the Unitarian Church. The program was nicely arranged and was very nicely carried out. The speakers were Hughes, Linley, Salley, Derrick C., Fitts, and myself, taking the order above. They were interspersed with music and solos. There was a very nice sized audience and attentive one. The stage was very prominent and no one occupied it but the speakers. Those who preceded me were good speakers and did their best. My time came at last and when I stepped out there was a perfect quiet. The other cadets who spoke did not make introductory remarks but when I stepped out I said: Honorable Judges, Ladies and Gentlemen: this is the first time I have ever had the pleasure and honor of addressing a Charleston audience. Though it may not be as large proportionately to the entire population as I might wish, yet, we have good looks and temperance to make up for the small number. [Laughter]

A wise philosopher has said, ‘Tell me the religion of a people and I will tell you its destiny.’ We may truthfully paraphrase this and say, ‘Tell me the temperance or intemperance of a people and I will till [sic]

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you its mortali- (excuse me) mortality [Laughter]. The piece I have selected is an appeal to the young men of America and to whom can an appeal be better addressed? or with more effect? For will they not soon sway the rod of Empire? Around us daily we see grey hoods tottering on the brink of the grave; many of them through the curse of drink, going down into oblivion, “unwept, unhonored, and unsung!.”

I then set out on my declaration but forgetting in one place I had to be prompted, and this one break in my opinion lost me my chance of success. Salley won. When one is beaten by a man such as Salley he cannot but feel that a [illegible] worthy of his steel prevailed. Dr. Vedder in a few well chosen remarks presented him with the medal. Refreshments were then served and we all left much pleased. Salley and I then went round to the Porter Hop, danced till about one-thirty then came in and slept till reveille.

Saturday, Febr. 12.

After inspection I went round to see Miss H. Came back in about 1:38 P.M. and ate dinner. Just after dinner I got a box from home. There was some syrup which had gotten spilled in transit but nothing was injured. Served two restrictions in the aft.

After supper went down to the society. Made a short speech on the subject: Resolved, That judges should hold their office during life, or good behavior. I spoke on the negative

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and it was thusly decided. Later the other society sent to invite us to join them in giving joint memorial exercises. There was some men - Tillman, Collins R, Jackson and others who opposed it. I favored it with Hughes, Derrick F., Langley J, etc. The vote showed a decided majority in favor of it.

Feb. 13, Sunday

[Note in margin]
Jas. [Gorris] was here on our return from church and took L.P.S.L. [illegible] and ask us up to dinner. He was on his way to his school.

Nothing much out of the ordinary occurred to-day. Went to 1st Baptist church this morning and heard a fair sermon by Rev. Dr. Cuthbert. Served two more restrictions in the aft.

Was on guard to-day with Quarles and Bruce. Sat up very late talking with Quarles. There on my watch read David Copperfield.

Feb. 14 Monday,

This is St. Valentines day but did not receive or send any valentines. Had a nice, long letter from Essie to-day, also a short one from L. C. Studied pretty hard in the evening but retired immediately after tattoo.

Feb. 15, Tuesday

Had five hours recitations to-day and consequently no spare time. Drilled the usual time this afternoon and up to now have done no studying. Am going to go at it now.

Feb. 16, Wednesday

Nothing much has happened to-day. Only had three recitations but read in Ben Hur and after supper studied a while and read in connection with the ancient history Plutarch’s Life of Demosthenes. It is fine.

Feb. 17, Thursday

The same old routine except I am on guard. Puget got a telegram from father and has gone home on a furlough. Balle got on also this aft.

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Feb. 18. Friday

This is the last day we have recitations, drill, etc. for the week. Nothing of interest happened only I was restricted and could not go out in the evening. However I remained in and wrote an oration.

Feb. 19. Saturday

After inspection I went round to call upon Miss Leila Jones. She was out when I called, hence I did not see her. Came on by and stopped to see the Misses Brown and Brodie. I remained only a short while and went on down to see Miss Vincent. Came back to the Citadel in time for dinner. In the aft I called upon Miss Ella till time for my relief at 4:30 P.M. Had a very pleasant call. Served my duty and Perey and I went down street. We joined Miss Bennett and Miss Jones, going a part of the way home with them. Came back in and counted my clothes then went to the society.

The debate was quite lengthy. I did not take part. When it came time for my relief to be posted the Corp. Bonham came to warn me and just at the time he did the Pres. announced voluntary contributions. I got up to go out and the members thought I was getting up to give a voluntary contribution and commenced to clap I reached the door and turning round bowed low to them and left the hall in a perfect roar of laughter.

Feb. 20, Sunday

Being on guard last night I had the privilige [sic] of going to church individually. Darby asked me to go

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to St. Patricks Catholic church with him. As I had never been before I went. The service was not much admired by me except its brevity. Came back and went to dine with Miss Hyams. In the aft went to their S.S. with her and had an honored position in the choir. Came back in and attended the Y.M.C.A. This is all.

Feb. 21, Monday

After the usual routine and recitations we were given leave at night. Tomorrow being Washington’s birthday we were given a holiday. I called upon the Misses Williams in the evening and had a pleasant call till about 10:30. They had blessed me out for not having been to see them oftener.

Feb. 22, Tuesday

[Note in margin]
Puget & Balle came back this evening bringing some grub which was much appreciated.

After breakfast I went round to the Hospital and had my arm bandaged where it was sore from vaccination. Then I played whist with Sheppard, Nance, and Collins A., till about eleven o’clock. Then I called upon Miss Birdie Bird. The battallion [sic] was formed at 3:15 p.m. and we stood out shivering in the cold till the review and inspection were over. We then marched down King Street to Hazell, down Hazell to Meeting, down Meeting to the Battery and from there down East Bay and on to the Citadel.

Feb. 23, Wednesday

Nothing worth recording occurred to-day. I have studied a little more than an hour to night.

[Page 59]
Feb. 24, Thursday

Had all recitations to-day and was on guard besides. Opened library for Balle who is sick in Hospital. After dinner went to a box in Collins A.’s room. Then went round to have my arm dressed. Went in to Chemistry for two hours. Then drilled as usual. After drill went down to Y.M.C.A. to hear a lecture or sermon by Rev. Gales who was up here also on last aft. Have studied pretty hard to-night so far. It is nearly time for me to post my relief.

Feb. 25, Friday

Nothing happened to day. I went down in the evening to hear [Weston] R. Gales an evangelist, lecture in the Y.M.C.A hall. It was not much but rather good considering.

Feb. 26 Saturday

This morning after inspection I went round to call upon Miss Jones. Perey was going but had rather sleep so I went in his stead. Had a tolerably peasant call.

In the aft. Sheppard and I went down to see the Matinee. It was The “Geezer.” I enjoyed it very much. After it I came in and played whist till retreat with Collins A. against Walker A, and Sawyer. We beat them ten to three.

Feb. 27, Sunday

It rained this morning and we could not go to church. I remained in and studied all day nearly. In the aft I wrote a letter but studied to remainder of the day.

[Page 60]
Feb. 28, Monday.

Had one examination to-day - drawing. I think I did pretty well in it.

After drill Sawyer and Walker A, came down to play whist. Sawyer and I played Walker and Roddey. We beat them - nine to six.

Have studied English very hard since.

Mch. 1
Feb. 29, Tuesday

Had two exams to-day English and French. I had two letters one from home and one from Essie. They were both splendid.

March 2 Wednesday

Two more exams to-day and that ended it. They were math and chemistry. I think I did pretty well in both. Was on guard to day. Came up to my room after taps and had some grub. Then played whist till one o’clock. The corporals on guard with me are Quarles and Riley.

March 3 Thursday

Nothing much has happened to-day. It has been a very disagreeable day all round; being cold and rainy. Have studied pretty hard to-night. Am reading Ben Hur and am perfectly enchanted with the style and language used in it.

March 4 Friday

This morning went to guard mounting. Being on guard did not go out anywhere. Consequently nothing of interest occurred.

March 5 Saturday.

Was excused inspection as I was on guard last night. After inspection went round to see the Browns. Spent a very pleasant morning round them. Was to have gone with them on a picnic to Chicora to-day but

[Page 61]
owing to the weather was not able to have it. It is postponed till next Saturday.

I went in the aft. to see the Misses Williams. Met Miss Lizzie just before getting to their house and she informed me that neither of them could be at home so I went round to see David [Black] at P.M.A. After supper went round to bring Miss Hyams up to hear Major Cummings lecture in the chapel. His subject was The Young Mans Capital. He handled his subject well and everyone present seemed to enjoy it and I know they were much benefitted [sic] by it. The hour after the lecture was no less enjoyable to me.

March 6, Sunday

A pleasant spring day has to-day been. This morning Company A went to Grace Church to services. Did not go out anymore to-day but wrote and read in the aft. In the evening went to the Y.M.C.A. Crouch J. was the leader. He made a splendid talk.

March 7 Monday

Today has been just the opposite of yesterday - cold, rainy, and unpleasant. Had recitations every hour to-day save one.

Finished reading Ben-Hur this evening instead of studying. The drum for tattoo is now beating.

March 8, Tuesday

Was on guard to day, but nothing much occurred. Law came back to-day. He was looking well and everyone was glad to see him.

[Page 62]
After my relief came off I went up to attend court in room “C”. Puget had indicted Josey and Josey him. Mauer was Pugets counsel and I represented Josey.

Both were convicted, after much fun and ludicrous remarks and speeches.

March 9, Wednesday

Had recitations every hour to-day but one, drilled in the aft. in the first four, the first time. Have studied pretty hard to-night.

March 10, Thursday

Nothing of importance occurred to day, hence I have nothing to write.

March 11 Friday

Had the usual round of recitations to-day then drill and after drill dress parade. There was quite a crowd of ladies up to see it. Went up on gallery afterword and met a few girls.

In the evening I called upon Miss Hyams. Went down to the church for her and waited till she finished practicing.

March 12, Saturday.

To day was the day I went to the picnic at Chicora. Went down to Mrs. Browns’ at twelve o’clock. Reached Chicora about one. There was a band along and we had dancing very nearly all day interspersed with walks.

After dinner I went walking with Miss Dibble of another party. It was a very pleasant promenade.

Returned to the Citadel about six. After supper went to society meeting. Had a very good meeting.

March 13 Sunday

This morning Company A went to St. Pauls Church. We heard a very

[Page 63]
good sermon.

The usual dinner was served at the usual hour and was eaten in the usual way.

I did not go out in the afternoon but remained in and read till a while before retreat when Riley and I went out and walked on the Green. After supper went down to the Y.M.C.A. to hear Mr. Whilden speak. He seemed to be glad to get back again to the Citadel.

March 14, Monday.

Was on guard to-day and got reported too. My section had recitations every hour during the day but one.

Have read Brown’s Iconoclast to night instead of studying.

March 15, Tuesday.

Nothing hardly happened to day. I received a letter from Essie and Miss Lottie this morning. Have read a good deal to-day.

March 16, Wednesday

The same old routine for to-day. Five recitations and drill. Wrote a letter to-night and have studied a little. Rat Nix is walking past just outside my door now. This is all.

March 17, Thursday

Nothing worth recording has happened to-day. Had recitations in the morning and wrote a letter till drill. After drill played whist with Bruce, Parker, and Jordan. After supper studied pretty hard.

March 18, Friday.

Nothing of importance has occurred to-day. I was due Sheppard a guard detail and relieved him to-day. I had two restrictions but could not serve them, though I remained in my room, because one cannot serve restrictions when on guard.

[Page 64]
March 19, Saturday

Was excused inspection to day. There was no inspection of barracks. After inspection Riley, Sheppard, and I went went [sic] down street and had a cool drink of [O’Shountessy’s]. Riley and I then went to call on the Misses Brown. We remained only a short while; then I called upon Miss Williams at 152 Spring St.

Came in and served my two restrictions. I counted my clothes before retreat and went to the society meeting. The hall had just been fitted up with new chairs and stained floor etc. which had made quite an improvement. We had a good meeting. Came up and went to a box at Josey’s room. He had a fine ‘box’ which was much enjoyed by all present.

After the box it was found that some cadets who had broken garrison had been reported. After two or three inspections during which they were absent. They had been notified by Cadet Roddey and they came to Balle’s window where several of the reservation pulled them up with sheets. After much excitement things finally subsided. The cadets reported were: Robertson, Tennent, EsDorn, Smith W., Crouch H.

March 20, Sunday.

Somehow or other it leaked out that it was a cadet who reported the boys last night.

Much indignation was expressed and many epithets were applied to one who hould be so low as

[Page 65]
to report his fellow cadets.

We went to the 2nd Presbyterian church this morning and heard a very thrilling sermon, by a young preacher from Armenia, who told of his experience in that country.

In the aft. I went down to the Lutheran Sunday school and home with Miss Hyams. After a pleasant walk and talk I reached the Citadel about a minute too late to fall in and consequently was reported late at retreat.

After supper a meeting of the corps was held in the chapel to decide upon and adopt resolutions concerning action on Cantey for reporting these men the evening before. Puget was called to the chair and some very bitter resolutions were read by Brown, denouncing Cantey and accusing him of conduct unbecoming a cadet and gentleman. They were adopted by a vote of 60 to 34. I voted for them.

March 21, Monday.

Nothing much happened to-day, except a good deal of excitement over the Cantey affair. A great many boys say they will leave if Cantey does not, but he still persists in remaining. The boys have hired a lawyer and he claims the [sic] have a strong case.

March 22, Tuesday.

Had a letter from home this morning and one from Essie. Unusual excitement in connection with the Cantey affair

[Page 66]
has been rampant to day.

The accusation has extended to several other cadets especially Collins R. He and Tillman G.D. were round to my room after drill. Collins is very much worried over the affair and talked of leaving school rather than bear the glances of scorn. I advised him not to as I believed him to be innocent and in time he would be vindicated. I was sorry for him he was in so much trouble. His actions in this matter have convinced me that Collins R. W. has a noble spirit and I would be glad to help him out of his difficulty. After tattoo I talked with him some in the bath room. I had been trying to get Puget to scratch his name off the charges and he talked as if he would if Collins would say one or two things. I told collins what I had done and of my effort to clear him of suspicion. With a voice full choked with emotion and with tears in his eyes he said to me - “Smoak, old fellow, I-I-cant tell you how I appreciate what you have done for me but-you--understand!”

Singleton was in my room when I got back and asked me to copy the charges for him. I tried to get Collins out of it but he would not listen to me. I made two duplicate copies one to be sent to

[Page 67]
Col. Coward and on to their lawyer, Mr. Inglesby. They called for a court martial to try Cantey and Collins, R.

March 23, Wednesday.

Those resolutions were sent up this morning and received the attention they deserved. The result was that Col. Coward decided to take the boys back if they would drop the matter. It is not known yet what they intend to do.

Mch. 24 Thursday.

Nothing of any importance happened to-day. The excitement over the Cantey affair has some what subsided.

Mch. 25 Friday.

My section had all their recitations to-day. In the evening I went to an entertainment given by Trinity Church. I had a tolerably enjoyable time. Cadets Crouch J. and Salley spoke. I sat up to Miss Edith Dibble and walked home with her. She is a very entertaining companion.

Mch. 26 Saturday

We had company inspection this moring after which Capt. Coleman inspected barracks. After inspection of barracks, I went round to call upon Miss Hyams. Came back in time for dinner after a most enjoyable call.

I relieved Hydrick and consequently could not go out anywhere. David Black came round to see me and stayed quite a while. Counted clothes and went to Society meeting. The corporals on guard were Moore J, Sheppard and myself. A warm guard.

[Page 68]
March 27, Sunday.

This morning having been on guard the night before, it was not necessary for me to attend so I remained in and slept. Did not go out either in the aft. A while before retreat Balle and I went out on the Green to get some fresh air. We there met up with Mr. [Toomer] and he forthwith proceded to cuss Cantey out.

March 28, Monday

This morning we commenced the routine for the week only we had a little extra work as examinations were for the last three days of the week.

March 29, Tuesday

Nothing has occurred to day worthy of recording, so I will put nothing where nothing is.

March 30, Wednesday.

This morning I was on guard and examinations commenced. We had examination on drawing this morning. I worked pretty hard for quite a while and think I got my figures pretty well.

March 31, Thursday

We had two examinations to day. This morning we had English, and in the afternoon French. I did not have make much on English but I think I made perfect on French.

April 1, Friday.

Two more examinations to-day. Mathematics and Chemistry. I do not know what I did but think I made tolerably fair marks.

Just before “Dress Parade” the orderly

[Page 69]
brought me a nice “April fool” consisting of a some [sic] very good candy. The “Reservation” room made way with that, though.

I was on guard but got Hydrick to relieve me and I went down to the Medical College commencement. It was a splendid affair, held at the Academy of Music, especially the speech of Honorable Waddell of Wilmington, N.C. It was splendid all the way through.

Apr. 2, Saturday.

To day was Saturday and being on guard last night was excused inspection. Puget and I went down to see Miss Hyams this morning but she was out. We then went down to the office of Mr. Langley at the telephone station and he showed us over and explained the telephone to us. Went in and slept all the aft. Went down to the society meeting. Not many were present.

April 3, Sunday

Was on guard yesterday.

Went down to Trinity to church this morning. The sermon was no good. Did not go out Sunday aft. was feeling too bad.

Apr. 4 Monday.

This morning a petition or agreement to put Cantey out and each man signing to abide the consequences, was brought into our room. I signed it and so did sixty eight men during the day. Four of those weakened and scratched their names off. They

[Page 70]
were Derrick F., Derrick C., Bethea, and Bruce.This was a contemtible [sic] mean action on their part.

I was on guard tonight and could not take part in the ejection of Cantey, which had been arranged to take place about eleven o’clock p.m. Accordingly at eleven o’clock, the crowd met in Champlains room and separated themselves into committees. One was to go to Canteys room another to Morris’ room to keep him from aiding Cantey, and another to another part of the gallery for a similar purpose. The committee going to Canteys room met Col. Coward and Lieut. McDonald who preceded them from another part of the gallery. They ordered the men to retire to their rooms which they refused to do. McDonald then ordered them to “fall in!” but they again refused. Col. Coward then told them he would have the sally-port opened and they could go out there if they were so determined to go. Pandemonium then broke loose. About this time a squad of policemen marched into the enclosure and lined up in front of the Citadel. The noise and disorder continued on the gallery, but Col. Coward remaining from [sic] the boys finally dispersed and went to their rooms. Sentinels were posted and quiet was finally restored. This was a memorable

[Page 71]
night in the history of the S.C.M.A.

April 5, Tuesday.

Everything moved off as usual to-day except it was seen by the firm faces of the cadets that they had not forgotten the occurrence of the evening before.

Cantey having left the night before the cause for complaint was removed. A meeting of the Board of Visitors was called to consider the cases of the rebellious cadets.

April 6, Wednesday

The Board of Visitors met this morning and immediately went into session. The 1st class were called as witnesses. Our chances were rather dark or seemed to be. No recitations were worth anything as no one had done any studying.

Apr. 7 Thursday.

To day Solicitor W. St. Julian [Jenney] came and asked for permission to represent us in our trial. He and Ex. Gov. Sheppard were given permission to address a meeting of the rebellious cadets in the chapel. They did so in the aft. at length making splendid efforts to to [sic] effect a compromise. They got the boys to agree to try a compromise. A committee of five was appointed to act for the corps. They were Padgett L., Balle, Singleton, Sawyer, and myself. We met the lawyers above referred to in the reception room and sent in by them the conditions upon which we desired to effect a

[Page 72]
compromise. Nothing resulted, however of a practical benefit to us. Nothing was effected so we had another night of suspense. The boys had about given up hope and those connected believed they would be expelled.

Apr. 8 Friday

To day is “Good Friday,” but it seems to be a misnomer when applied to this Friday in its connection with the S.C.M.A.

Those implicated had no hopes when it was announced that the sections would form as usual but they would not go into recitations. Accordingly about ten o’clock lists of the boys with their addresses commenced to be gotten up. Everything passed slowly, slowly along and so quietly that it resembled the calm before the storm which all felt was approaching.

Dinner came as usual. At 2:30 p.m. the battallion [sic] was marched up into the chapel where Col. Coward and Lieut. McDonald had preceded it with the findings or verdict of the Board of Visitors. As soon as all had gotten seated a death like stillness prevailed, as Col. Coward began his remarks.

He said he hated to read the verdict because of the enormity of the effects, but for the honor of the institution he felt that it must be done. He said he felt for the homes of the boys, so many of whom

[Continued on side of page]
were the hope of their fathers and mothers. He then read the list of sixty four who were dismissed and given two hours in which to get ready to leave. I came up & packed my trunk. Going to see Miss H. in the evening. Before going there I went to the Calhoun Hotel where we all had a meeting. They called upon me & I spoke a few minutes. I spent the night at Mrs. Davis’ on the corner of Meeting just back of the Citadel, with Nance, Foster, Collins A., and Scott. Next morning I left for home. Mrs. Davis not taking a cent for lodging me.

[Page 73]
Oct. 1. Saturday

Diary taken up again after a [illegible] of nearly six months.

This morning I left home shortly before broad day light in order to reach the train in time. “Puget” Padgett went with me to Branchville. We reached there a while before train time. Several of the boys were on the train. Without event we all reached Charleston and the Citadel. As this is my first day after being dismissed everything seemed so different. Only a few boys compared with the previous year and everything so much more still. My course at school is just half over and whether it were better for me to complete the other half here or elsewhere I know not, and only time will tell.

I made arrangements to room with Rip, Quarles and Moore, but the commandant would only allow us to occupy the lower gallery so Moore and I moved in with Evans on the lower gallery.

After retreat we were given leave till “tattoo”, and Moore and myself went down street to purchase some necessary articles.

Had a letter to-day from Miss Hyams. She is going to stay in Charlotte till Xmas. Everything else passed off as usual.

[Page 74]
Sunday Oct. 2.

This morning it was raining and we did not have to go to church consequently I spent the day studying for the examinations I had to stand. At night Moore and I had a long talk which was enjoyed very much.

Monday Oct. 3.

This morning we had exam in French and math. I did very well on both I think. In the aft. I studied and the same in the evening.

Tuesday Oct. 4.

The exam this morning was Logic. I do not know what I made but think I passed. In the aft. we had chemistry. I made a good mark on that.

The recruits came in to-day. There is a large class and a very intelligent set of men.

Wednesday Oct. 5.

This morning Westmoreland, Evans, and myself were examined on General History. I think we passed all right. The exam was hard and long. I was on guard to-day and walked past my first time since coming back. We also drilled this aft.

Thursday Oct. 6.

To day we went in to recitations and had more regular work than at my previous time. Nothing of interest occurred to day. Yesterday we moved up on the upper gallery. The commandant would not allow but three men in the room so I was forced to hunt a new room. Accordingly Evans, “Rat” Allen

[Page 75]
and myself moved in “5” together.

Friday Oct. 7.

The regular routine to-day except that we had leave. I went down street with Quarles and Rip to get a pair of trousers. Came back and then went down to the Palace Shaving Parlor and had a hair-cut.

Saturday Oct. 8.

This morning we had inspection and this means hard work on gun and room, but I passed both all right. After inspection I went round to call upon Mrs. Hyams and family. They all seemed very glad to see me and I spent a pleasant day round there. Spent the aft. reading “Aunt Judith” which I borrowed from Miss H. At night I went down to the societies. All the members of the Calliopean wanted me to join theirs, but after mature deliberation on my part I was readmitted to the Polytechnic.

Sunday Oct. 9.

Being on Guard again this morning I was unfortunate enough to get “orderly” and missed church and going out at all. I finished reading “Aunt Judith” and wrote a letter to Essie, etc.

Oct 9 to Nov 6 (Sunday)

Since writing anything in my diary several things have occurred which should have been recorded as they happened.

[Page 76]
Feb. 14, 1899.

Again after a period of some length I begin a record of events. It has only been through carelessness that I have not a continuous record up to now, and as this college course is to aid me in forming correct habits, I think it prudent to commence those which I believe are most conducive to success and happiness.

Since coming back I have studied some books that have strengthened my mind more than anything I have every studied before, and I feel that I have been more benefited by my course so far this year than ever before.

Several things of interest have occurred since my return. Having been dismissed for my fidelity to what I considered a duty, I feared that the result upon my college life would be to render me unpopular with most of the cadets who “remained loyal to duty,” but so far I have experienced no hardships from it, save those attendant upon being a private.

In society work I have been unusually successful, having won every debate upon which I have spoken save one or two and there I had the satisfaction of being told by several of the members that I should have had the decision.

The corps organized a camp of Sons of Confederate Veterans by name: “Citadel Camp Sons of Veterans.” I was elected, unanimously, historian of the camp, but about the time we had

[Page 77]
everything organized and in good working order, Col. Coward stopped it as it was in opposition to the wishes of Col. Gadsden, Chairman of the Board of Visitors who feared it might create some sectional feeling. We hope, however, to reorganize later in the year.

In regard to society in general, I have had a pleasant time socially, having had the good fortune to meet several of the fair maidens of the “upper tandem” social standing. Must say, I am not too favorably impressed with their charms (?)

Heard the famous Sousa--”The March King” - on January 27 in the afternoon. Some of the boys said it was the nearest heavenly music any of us would hear this side of heaven; and as I thought it rather doubtful if I heard that, so I concluded to go.

On the 11th of January I attended a delightful hop given by Porter Cadets at their Alumnae Hall accompanying Miss Hyams me.

Since Saturday we have had the coldest weather known in Charleston for many years. The thermometer went to 8 degrees, and a snowfall of about four or five inches has been on the ground since Sunday.

This afternoon the two companies lined up in front of the Sally porte and had a royal battle in the snow. Several of the boys were very much bedraggled in appearance when the battle was declared off at retreat.

Have not heard from Essie in sometime and have been anxious to hear as she is very ill.

Nothing further, I believe.

[Page 78]
Feb. 15. Wednesday

There is not much to record of to-days happenings. We have had the usual recitations and with about the usual results. The snow which yesterday had wrapped the earth in its winding sheet, has about all disappeared and we have a return of the balmy days. It was my pleasure this morning to receive a letter from Essie. She is better and wrote me with her own hand. Marks for last month were posted this afternoon. All my class were sore on their Physics marks - nine out of nineteen making below the average.

This evening I have been reading some in the Congressional Record, especially the speeches eulogizing Nelson A. Dingley. “In the midst of life are we in death” and more, howsoever high escape when the summons comes.

Feb. 16. Thursday

This morning we had recitations every hour, going on the green to have our first real practice in signaling.

I have read Goldsmith’s “Deserted Village” to day and enjoyed the many beautiful thoughts therein.

Was on guard to day and walked No. “4” on the second relief. I was not strictly conscientious in the discharge of my duties in regard to talking, and consequently enjoyed the hour talking with the boys.

This is about all I believe. The corporal is now taking off the 3rd relief.

Feb. 17. Friday.

We had the usual recitations to-day and drill. During some intermissions I read “The Traveller” by Goldsmith. Enjoyed the depth of thought and the happy

[Page 79]
flow of words.

After supper a while I went down and had a hair-cut and afterwards called upon Miss Bertie Bird enjoying a pleasant chat till ten-o’clock. Came in and found that Allen had made my bed, so I had no trouble with that. The death of Pres. Faure of the French Republic of yesterday I look upon as a great calamity. “In the midst of life we are in death”, This seems to be a year for the death of many smart men. Life is so short.

Feb. 18 Saturday.

This morning I was very busy getting ready for inspection till twelve o’clock. Then I went down as per engagement to see Miss Helen W. Johnson at 11 10 Legare St. Spent, indeed a very pleasant call and was really edified by my conversation with the young lady. Her views on high society were somewhat in accordance with my own, and she expressed some good ideas in regard to woman’s sphere and usefulness.

Came back and took a fatigue blouse to [Rugheimer’s] for it to be altered. Then went round to see Miss Hyams who was out - from there to see Miss [Valk] who was also out. Then I came back down street and tried to find a book but failed.

Then walked down street and met Miss Hyams and joined her and we walked a while.

We had a splendid debate in our society and some good voluntary contributions.

[Page 80]
I presented an amendment to the constitution that the com. on archives keep a book and record such thoughts of the productions of the members as they think worthy of preservation.

Made a few remarks on it which seemed to take well and I think it will be passed.

Feb. 19. Sunday.

After breakfast I went round to Snelgroves room and we answered some of the questions in our literature.

Then we got ready for church, going to St. Pauls. The service was long and dull, and I never derived any benefit from it, not even giving it the slightest attention. After dinner I wrote home and to Essie and Sister, in reply to a letter I received this morning, which informed me that Essie was still very sick and that Sister had gone up there to be with her.

In the aft. I went to St. Andrews Lutheran Church to preaching, afterwards walking home with Miss Hyams. A pleasant half hour and we I came in to the dull routine of another week.

Have spent the evening studying and reading.

Feb. 20. Monday

Have spent considerable time to-day reading in the reading room, and this evening have studied pretty hard, and read some of Wordsworth’s poems.

We had signaling on the “Green” to-day which we all enjoyed.

Feb. 21. Tuesday

Well, nothing of any consequence happened to-day save that the day has passed and that is an enormous happen-

[Page 81]
-pening [sic] for some. Many are the great events hinged upon the closing of the day, many on the failures and successes which date from to day. One day the anniversary of which we celebrate tomorrow--the “Father of His Country” was born. What a day, what an event, and what are its consequences! As I have before remarked I would be a great man myself some of these days were it not that it would throw too any National holidays too near together, and cause too great a want of ammunition firing salutes when it would all be needed to defend the “expanded” territory of the U.S. This is not “diary” though, eh?

After supper we had an English questioning in the reading room of Polytechnic Society. Since supper or study call have written some letters. It is now “tattoo” almost & I close.

Feb. 22. Wednesday.

To day being set aside as a National holiday, we were given leave from after prayers till retreat, and for those who wished it leave till study call to go to Isle of Palms.

Evans, Allen, and I went down and had our pictures taken in a group. I then went to see Miss Hyams. She was going to the Isle of Palms at one o’clock. I had applied to go also and consequently went also.

After a pleasant ride on the boat and car we reached the Isle. It was a beautiful day and warm so we had an enjoyable time dancing going on the beach and

[Page 82]
riding on the steeple chase etc. I could ill afford to go over there but I had gotten so tired of the close life at the Citadel that I decided to be so extravagant. I do not now regret it as I feel a new man. almost.

Have studied some to-night and read some.

Whitfield and Croft were suspended to-day, the one for breaking garrison, the other for visiting while under arrest. I am sorry indeed to hear it, and all that it means.

Feb. 23, Thursday

Have just come off post walking No. “5” 2nd relief. It is a beautiful night with the moon shining bright and I rather enjoyed the hour’s soliloquy. The usual round of recitations held for to-day. We had an English questioning in the Reading room after supper.

After dinner I walked round the Green with Fishburne.

Feb. 24, Friday.

The usual routine of work held for to-day - except that we had dress parade in the aft. Quite a crowd of citizens came up and we had a splendid parade, the 4th Brigade Band furnishing with music. I was restricted to-night and have spent most of the night studying.

Feb. 25, Saturday.

We had the usual inspection this morning of arms and barracks. After inspection Allen and I went with Evans to see the proof for our picture which we had taken Wednesday.

It was very good. Allen and I then

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went down to see Miss Hyams. We spent a pleasant hour there coming in just in time for dinner. I was restricted for the first part of the afternoon. I studied all the aft. making very good progress.

We never had any society this evening in order to study for exams.

After supper I went to the hall to dance and had the pleasure (?) of meeting and dancing with Miss Romley, for a few minutes.

Sunday Feb. 26.

This morning Company “A” went to the First Presbyterian Church and we had the pleasure of listening to one of the best sermons I have ever heard, by Dr. Thompson.

The last Sunday in February had been set aside by the Ministerial Union as a day to preach against the desecration and growing disregard of the Sabbath.

Dr. Thompson proved that it was necessary to have one day in seven to rest, and required a complete rest for all one’s faculties. He showed it be necessary for one physically, intellectually, morally, socially, and religiously. He quoted many authorities in support of his position, and most of them scientific. The services were concluded by a soloist singing Rudyard Kiplings “Recessional” very beautifully.

After church I went to dinner at Mr. Hyams. Spent a very pleasant

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afternoon there, going to church in the afternoon. Came in just before retreat and have studied tonight on English. Evans is on guard walking No. “1”, third relief. Allen is going to “rush a late blanket,” and I shall study a while consequently.

Monday Feb. 27.

To day has been rather a busy day for the Citadel as we have had exams. The second class had English and math. On English Literature this morning I made a tolerably fair mark and a splendid one on Math - Calculus.

Have studied physics this evening. Moore, Rip, and I went round the Green this aft. & “enjoyed some fresh air.”

Tuesday Feb. 28.

One more day of examinations has passed and I am still alive, though exhausted by the mental strain. We had Physics this morning and what an exam! “Cap” overdid himself in hunting up a long one and in bringing up forgotten problems and formulae. If I could grade him on getting up examinations I would give him zero and report him for extreme ignorance.

Then we had German in the afternoon - another force - being a mere guessing contest, in which I think I succeeded in hitting about all I guessed at.

Had a pleasant walk round the Green after a half hour before retreat. Got a letter and Essies picture this morning. Studied to-night a little and washed some gloves.

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Wednesday Mch. 1.

The day after exams, we never study much and never have much in way of recitations, so to-day has been almost a lost day mentally except for the little reading I have done. In physics we spent the hour watching “Cap” make soap bubbles--spheres etc. While at that I wondered if such would ever add anything practically to my or our advantage.

Was on guard this evening and walked past no. “4” 1st relief.

This is about all - Good night.

Thurs. Mch. 2.

There has nothing much happened to-day. We had the usual recitations and with the usual after-exam results.

Have studied a while to night and for the balance of the time have been reading Johnson’s (of Indiana) speech in denunciation of McKinley. I concur in much that he says, and think that such hypocrisy a burning shame and foullest [sic] crime of the nation, causing the century to go out in gloom instead of in a glitter of light.

After supper, had a game of whist with Moore, J., Rip, and Bruce.

Friday March 3, ‘99.

We had the usual day duties from early morning till after drill, then we had dress parade as usual on Friday afternoon. Quite a crowd was up to see it and it was very good. At supper we had a quite jovial time. Brodham was commandant of the mess Hall and he allowed the second class men to eat

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at the center mess. We had toasts and a jovial time altogether.

I did not go out his evening, feeling that it was useless. Instead I remained in and have been writing an oration on “Cadet Life”. Have “put up a blanket” in order to finish it. Allen and Evans have both gone on leave, hence I have been quietly at work.

Saturday Mch. 4.

We had the usual Saturday morning inspection at 10:30 o’clock, after which I went down to call upon Miss Hyams. Came in in time for dinner and afterwards I went back and Miss Hyams and I went through the Museum. We spent a very pleasant hour looking at the curios there collected. Afterwards we went down to Dr. [Sherers] but they were out so we went on to see the Auditorium. Came back by where young Pinckney was shot on the 28th of February. We had Society meeting to-night and I spoke in favor of the off. of the subject, Resolved, that country life is more fitted for the development of youth than country city life. In the general debate my side won, but it was decided for regular debators. I volunteered. Am rushing a late blanket again.

Sunday Mch. 5.

This morning we/went to Westminster to church and heard a fine sermon by Dr. Wordlaw from the 3rd verse of Exodus. Came back and spent the time writing some letters till about four o’clock when I called upon

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[See original scan for grade chart.]

Mch. 5

Miss Helen Johnston at 247 Meeting St. I had not been there long when Ct. Thomas came in and sat me out till we had to come in for “retreat.”

Have spent the evening writing and studying a little. Evans was on 2nd relief. Consequently we have late light.

Mch. 6, Monday.

We have had only the usual recitations to-day. It was raining in the afternoon and we never drilled. I read during drill hour some in McCauleys History of England. Have studied some to-night. It is now time for “tattoo”. Martin is posting the 3rd relief.

Mch. 7, Tuesday.

It has been a very cold day and snowed some this morning. There is nothing to be recorded now that I am orderly and have to bring wood coal etc. Have read some in Scott’s “Lady of the Lake”. Had a letter from Essie this morning.

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Mch. 8, Wednesday

It has been considerably warmer to-day so that we had to drill. Had a letter from Sheppard to day. He is at V.M.I. and seems to be getting on all right. Was on guard to-day, and have just came up from walking no. “2” 3rd relief. Nix who rooms in “G” gave me a cup of cocoa. He was placed under arrest for “continually refusing to heed corrections on drill.” The “O.D.” to day in Bramlett. The Sgt. of the Guard - DuRant, and Corpl. who marched me on post - Alston.

Mch. 9 Thursday

Nothing of any interest occurred to-day. We had the usual recitations but nothing else of interest.

Senator Tillman, his friends, and party of Congressional celebrities, have spent the day in Charleston. They were wined and dined accordingly. No matter the politics of a man, just so he is celebrated he can find men ever ready to bend the pregnant hinges of the knee.

Mch. 10, Friday

We had the usual routine to-day and dress parade in the aft. Walked the first relief and afterwards went round to Mr. Williams’ to a kind of club meeting. Could only remain till ten o’clock as I never had leave. Haynesworth and I came in together. We had just gone in to supper when we had to leave. Miss Anne Belle made us up two bags full to bring so we feasted any way.

Mch. 11. Saturday.

The usual inspection took place to-day. Just after inspection J., D Smoak, a cousin of mine from [illegible] and a

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Reports for the term ‘98-’99

Oct 10
Continually swinging arms too much and in front of body after being [illegible] Hydrick 1st Sergt. 1 [demerit]

Oct 10
Floor not properly swept, Bramlett ‘O.D.’ 1 [demerit]

Oct 20
Allowing citizen on his post and not challenging course and not calling Corpl of the Guard’ ‘Crouch “O.D.” 5 [demerits]

Oct 25
Going back into mess-hall after the battallion [sic] had marched out. Ellerbe “O.D.” 3 [demerits]

Oct 31
Clothes on floor at police inspection, Salley - “Inspector”. Ex.

Dec. 2
Visiting at 12:30 inspection of O.D. - Ellerbe 3 [demerits] Dec. 3 Responsible for box in vacant press - Price 1 [demerit]

Dec. 4
Not being properly shaved on guard mounting - Cantey 1 [demerit]

Dec. 8
Swapping piece on drill of command recover - Ellerbee 1 [demerit]

Dec. 21
Not executing command promptly on drill - DuRant 1 [demerit]

Dec. 27
Not executing “two fours from left to rear properly - Moore 1 [demerit]

Jan 10
Table drawer open at inspection of O.D. - Price 1 [demerit]

Jan 20
Falling out of relief at “at shoulder” when he should have done so at ‘trail arms’ - Jackson 1 [demerit]

Jan 29
Dirty basin at Saturday inspection 1 [demerit]

Feb. 1
Not keeping dressed going on drill - Price 1 [demerit]

Feb. 15
Light in room at “taps” - Sally 3 [demerit]

Feb. 16
No fender before grate when there was no fire in same at 12 M. - Ellerbee 2 1 [demerit]

Feb. 18
Responsible for “four” breaking up marching off drill inspection - Moore 1 [demerit]

Mch. 4
Not coming to port arms after piece was inspected at Saturday inspection - Moore 1 [demerit]

Mch. 5
[illegible], allowing very vulgar and indecent language on mess (- d - lie), Crouch Ex.

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[See original scan for Conduct Report.]

[Page 91]
[See original scan for cadet signatures.]


Mch. 11 Saturday

friend of his Willie Berry came round to see me and to get me to go with them to [Fincken] and Jordans store. I went with them and tromped over the city till dinner time. After dinner I again went with them to the depot etc. Came back and went to call upon Miss Hyams. Had a very pleasant call and an instructive one. Came in and after study call attended society meeting. Was unanimously elected “orator of the Administration” for the

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[See original scan for cadet signatures.]

Mch 11.

ensuing term. Also was new for marshal and failed to get it being beaten by Bradham and Clayton. Bradham and I went to visit the Callopean [sic] Society and they called for us to make speeches. We both responded. Have rushed a late blanket to-night as I could not go to sleep at once.

March 12, Sunday.

Had a letter from home this morning, a very good one too. We went to Trinity to church this morning. Came in and took dinner at the Citadel. After wrote a letter home. Then called upon Miss Johnston. Had a most enjoyable visit. Came in to supper and after study call went to the Y.M.C.A. Came up and studied math.

March 13, Monday

Nothing happened to day - except I never knew my lessons or did not work my example in math. Went round the Green with Rip after dinner. Have read some to night and after drill in Scotts “Lady

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[See original scan for cadet signatures.]

Of the Lake, and Thackery’s “English Humorists.” Bacheller, was dismissed from the Academy to-day for general worthlessness. McIver was placed under arrest for going on leave yesterday without application.

March. 14, Tuesday.

We have had only the usual duties to-day. Evans is still in the Hospital. Allen and I were on guard to day and both on third relief. We have just come in and put down our beds. I had a quiet hour to think to-night and had a splendid reverie. Received a very pleasant letter from Miss Daisy H. at dinner to-day.

Mch. 15, Wednesday.

Nothing at all happened to-day worthy remark. Went round the green after dinner and after drill with Rip. Have studied very hard since study call and shall put up a blanket and read till sentinels go off and then play whist for half an hour with Rip, Moore, & Quarles. Au revoir.

March 16 Thursday

Nothing to record to-day. Have read Burkes oration on “Conciliation with America”, to night.

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[See original scan for cadet signatures.]

[Page 95]
[See original scan for examination marks.]

Reports for the Year 1898-99.

‘99 Mch. 10
Collar and cap on ledge of press before breakfast at inspection of “O.D.” - Price 1 [demerit]

March 10
Losing place on drill - Moore 1 [demerit]

March 31
Not marking time on pivot - Moore 1 [demerit]

April 1
Responsible for punishment list being taken from bullitin [sic] board - Bramlett. Ex.

April 8
Not keeping dressed marching in co. front - DuRant 1 [demerit]

April 18
Floor under washstand not properly swept - Bramlett 1 [demerit]

May 18
Wearing gray jacket at police inspection - Salley 1 [demerit]

May 19
Starting to come to rt. Shoulder of company right - Moore 1 [demerit]

May 20
Responsible for gun leaning against press at 9:40 a.m. - Ellerbee 1 [demerit]

May 24
Smiling on drill - Cantey Ex.

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[See original scan for newspaper clipping.]

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[See original scan for newspaper clipping.]

[Page 98]
[Back cover.]


Smoak, William Wightman, 1877-1947, “Journal of William Wightman Smoak, October 1, 1897 - March 16, 1899,” The Citadel Archives Digital Collections, accessed March 30, 2023,